“Provinces and the Evolution of Canada’s Immigration Regime”
Friday, October 21
12:15 – 1:45pm
Lunch available to Deparment Members at 12pm
Since the mid-1990s, every Canadian province has become increasingly involved in Canada’s immigration regime. Using tools such as the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) to select newcomers and by establishing public administrations to implement immigrant integration policies, provinces have become venues for immigration policymaking. This change presents three interesting features: the mobilization of provinces toward immigration in the absence of a nationalist movement, the maintenance of a strong involvement of the federal government despite provincial intervention and the pro-immigration stance of subnational governments. As such, provincial involvement in Canada’s immigration regime challenge several assumptions in Canadian politics, comparative federalism and immigration politics literatures. This presentation will address this instance of change in two ways. First, by discussing the content and form of this change in institutions and practices, beyond the labels of decentralization and centralization. Second, by exploring the drivers supporting this process of change. Doing so, it will argue for a renewed attention to provincial politics in Canada.
Mireille Paquet studies public policies for immigrant selection and immigrant integration in Canada and in other traditional immigrant-receiving societies. Her current work – funded by the SSHRC and by the FQRSC – focuses on the governance of immigration and integration policies in federal regimes (Canada, United States and Australia), with a specific attention to the activism and activities of subnational units. Dr. Paquet is also conducting research on public administration and immigration, and is especially interested in the role of public servants in the formulation of immigrant selection policies. In the past, she has also conducted research on citizenship policy, citizenship tests and civic integration, immigration integration in Canada and on policies to attract and integrate newcomers in francophone minority communities.